Use a good toothbrush. Your toothbrush should have soft nylon bristles which are gentler on your gums, fit comfortably in your hand, and have a small enough head so that it reaches all your teeth easily.
Replace your toothbrush regularly. The bristles will wear out over time, losing their flexibility and effectiveness. You should get a new one every 3 months, or as soon as the bristles start to splay out and lose their shape.
Research has found that thousands of microbes call toothbrush bristles and handles "home," and can cause infections.
Always rinse your brush after using it, and store it upright and uncovered so that it can dry before your next use.
Use a fluoride toothpaste. It not only helps remove plaque, it also helps strengthen tooth enamel. However, it's important to note that fluoride toothpaste is not to be swallowed, as ingesting too much can have serious health consequences.
1. Wet your toothbrush.
Squeeze only a pea-sized amount of toothpaste onto your toothbrush. Applying too much toothpaste can cause over-sudsing, tempting you to spit and finish too early.
2 .Set your bristles at the gum line at a 45-degree angle.
Gently brush with a short, vertical or circular motion. Don't brush across your teeth.
Clean all your teeth.
Brushing just a few teeth at a time, work your way around your mouth so that you get every tooth, spending about 12 to 15 seconds in each spot. If it helps, you can divide your mouth into quadrants: top left, top right, bottom left, and bottom right. If you spend 30 seconds on each quadrant, you'll get a full two minutes of brushing time in.
4.Brush your molars.
Position the toothbrush so that it's perpendicular to your lips, or so that the bristles are resting on top of your bottom molars. Work the toothbrush in an in-and-out motion, and move from the back of your mouth to the front. Repeat on the other side of your mouth. When the bottom teeth are clean, flip the toothbrush over and work on the top molars.
5. Brush the inner surfaces of your teeth.
Tip the toothbrush so that the head of the toothbrush is pointing towards your gum line, and brush each tooth. Dentists report that the most commonly skipped area is the inside of the lower front teeth, so be sure not to forget those.
6. Gently brush your tongue.
After you've cleaned your teeth, use the bristles of your toothbrush to gently clean your tongue. (Don't press too hard, or you'll damage the tissue.) This helps keep bad breath away.
7. Rinse your mouth and your toothbrush.
Hold your toothbrush under running water for a few seconds, or (if you have a bowl or cup of water) wiggle it around under water for a bit.